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Thomas Hardy

Thomas Hardy (1840 – 1928) was both a novelist and a poet. In his novels he depicted people striving against overwhelming odds within a society that was uncaring. However, he sought to improve society. Hardy’s poetry marks a bridge between the Victorian Age and the Modernist movement of the twentieth century. Hardy’s use of ‘non-poetic’ language and odd rhymes, coupled with his fatalistic outlook, were both a source and inspiration to numerous twentieth – century writers.


William Shakespeare

William Shakespeare (1564-1616) was born at Stratford-on-Avon and was educated at the free Stratford Grammar School. There is no authentic documentation of his early life. He married Anne Hathaway in 1582 and moved to London in 1586 to become an actor, poet, dramatist and theatre manager. His well-known comedies are A Midsummer Night’s Dream, The Merchant of Venice and Much Ado About Nothing, while his outstanding tragedies are Hamlet, King Lear, Othello and Macbeth, among many more. The first collected edition of Shakespeare’s sonnets appeared in 1609. There are totally 154 sonnets and the major themes of these sonnets include the destructive power of time, the permanence of poetry (art), triangular love and the analysis of amorous emotion (love). It has to be noted that apart from these 154 sonnets Shakespeare also wrote two long poems titled ‘Venus and Adonis’ and ‘The Rape of Lucrece’.

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Shakespeare was born on .
(A) April 26 1564
(B) May 26 1564
(C) August 26 1564
(D) June 26 1564

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Choose the best answer and complete the sentence.
The first collected edition of Shakespeare’s sonnets appeared in
(A) 1609
(B) 1611
(C) 1671
(D) 1680

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How many plays have been written by the famous Playwright William Shakespeare?
(A) 37
(B) 38
(C) 36
(D) 27

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Who is a villainous personality in the play ‘Othello’?
(A) Miranda
(B) Iago
(C) Shylock
(D) Olivia

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Thomas Hardy sets many of his novels in the background of
(A) Wessex
(B) Lake area
(C) London
(D) West Minister Abbey

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The first collected edition of Shakespeare’s —– appeared in 1609.
(A) plays
(B) stories
(C) articles
(D) sonnets